By Jamshid Malekpour
Defined by way of the celebrated theatre director Peter Brook as 'a very robust type of theatre', the Ta'ziyeh is the Islamic drama of Iran. This paintings examines the evolution of the Ta'ziyeh, which concerned parts drawn from Zoroastrianaism, Mithraism, mythology, folklore and standard sorts of Iranian leisure. In its ultimate shape, so much of its components - plot, personality, suggestion, spectacle and tune - derive from the Shi'a department of Islam. Its major plot matters the affliction and demise of Imam Hussein, grandson of the Prophet of Islam. a unique factor of the magazine Israel Affairs.
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Defined through the celebrated theatre director Peter Brook as 'a very robust kind of theatre', the Ta'ziyeh is the Islamic drama of Iran. This paintings examines the evolution of the Ta'ziyeh, which concerned parts drawn from Zoroastrianaism, Mithraism, mythology, folklore and conventional kinds of Iranian leisure.
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Additional resources for The Islamic Drama (Special Issue of Journal of Israel Affairs)
Neither Horus nor Kia-Khusrau see their fathers. There are further parallels between the earlier mourning rituals and the Ta′ziyeh depicting Hussein’s martyrdom. 59 In similar fashion, in the Hussein story there are many references to this number. 60 There are also many Ta′ziyehs with the title The Seventy-two Martyrs of the Karbala (Haftado do Shahid-e Karbala). Another early religious rite that contains elements that clearly suggest links with the later Ta′ziyeh performances takes place every year in the month of Mehr, around September, in Mashad-Ardehall, a place close to the city of Kashan.
Xiv. 21. The month of Muharram is the most important period in the Shi′a calendar. A time of mourning, self-sacrifice and acts of devotion, Muharram is the first month of the Islamic year and means to Muslims ‘sacred’ or ‘forbidden’. Ashura is the tenth of this month and the tragedy of martyrdom of Hussein took place on this day on the plain of Karbala. This is why Ta′ziyeh is also called ‘Drama of Ashura’ or ‘Drama of Karbala’. According to Muslims, this day is also the day that God created Adam and Eve and the day that Ibrahim (Abraham) was asked to sacrifice his son, but was given a ram to sacrifice instead.
The writings of this period indicate that there were mourning rituals and processions that included some symbolic theatrical elements, such as the carrying of the coffins of Imam Hussein’s children. Even his horse can be interpreted as a symbolic presentation of Hussein himself. However, despite those ‘theatrical elements’ that were part of the mourning rituals, and despite an evidence of dramatic dialogue in the form of elegiac recitation between the leader of the mourning The origin and development of the Ta’ziyeh 27 rites and the mourners, there is still no evidence to suggest the existence of the Ta′ziyeh as a complete form of drama during that period.