By Sebastian Thiede (auth.)
Energy intake is of significant curiosity to production businesses. past contemplating person strategies and machines, the viewpoint on method chains and factories as a complete holds significant potentials for strength potency advancements. to take advantage of those potentials, dynamic interactions of other tactics in addition to auxiliary apparatus (e.g. compressed air iteration) have to be taken into consideration. additionally, making plans and controlling production structures require balancing technical, financial and environmental ambitions. accordingly, an cutting edge and entire technique – with a ordinary strength flow-oriented production simulation atmosphere as a middle point – is built and embedded right into a step by step software cycle. the idea that is utilized in its entirety to a variety of case stories comparable to aluminium die casting, weaving turbines, and revealed circuit board meeting so one can exhibit the extensive applicability and the advantages that may be achieved.
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Additional resources for Energy Efficiency in Manufacturing Systems
2008). In this context, the term (technical) building services (TBS) is often used. g. g. g. energy supply, lighting), or water/media supply and treatment. Hence they provide the needed production environment and necessary process energy in different forms as well as process-related media like water. (Hall and Greeno, 2009; Chadderton, 2004). , 1996). Altogether, an example breakdown of different energy consumers in a factory is shown in Figure 18. Fig. 3 Energy Consumption Behaviour of Production Machines In addition to the general overview of energy consumption in manufacturing companies, the analysis of the consumption behaviour of production machines is necessary.
G. the three highest values over a whole year into account can be found in industrial practice. Fixed and Variable Standard Costs This electricity cost portion should subsume the manifold additional cost elements, which are being charged, connected either to the electrical work or just a fixed rate. g. in Germany for supporting the introduction of renewable energies) and cannot be negotiated. g. measurement or billing. g. hydraulic, electrical or mechanical systems (Bierbaum and Hütter, 2004). g.
75% market share) because of their “reliability, simplicity and relatively low costs” (Radgen and Blaustein, 2001). The same study also gives an impression of the immense relevance of compressed air generation in terms of energy consumption. About 10% of total industrial electricity consumption is caused by generation of compressed air (which means 80 TWh or 55 million tons CO2). The average compressor has a demand of 71 kW and runs 3,500 hours per year (Radgen and Blaustein, 2001). g. g. , 2009).