Energy and Environment in Saudi Arabia: Concerns & by Nahed Taher, Bandar Hajjar

By Nahed Taher, Bandar Hajjar

The gigantic oil assets in Saudi Arabia have for many years inspired a beneficiant procedure of oil subsidies, making the dominion one of many top international locations on this planet with the most cost effective household rate of oil. Such subsidies have, although, inspired inefficient usage of oil, that's principally ate up within the energy, water and transportation sectors, contributing considerably to CO2 emission within the nation. those difficulties are exacerbated by means of demographic dynamics, urbanization, adjustments in source of revenue and intake styles, and industrialization. On present traits of family intake styles, Saudi Arabia will devour the total of the oil it's going to produce by way of 2030, for you to replicate negatively at the monetary ability of the govt to execute its improvement courses. it's this profit constraining drawback, instead of ecological demanding situations, that has began to allure coverage realization in Saudi Arabia. This ebook provides a special point of view on those demanding situations through them as funding possibilities, now not monetary constraints at the govt funds. It units out to envision the character and quantity of the strength and environmental demanding situations dealing with Saudi Arabia, and to discover a variety of concepts for turning those demanding situations into ecocnomic funding possibilities that may create jobs, develop source of revenue, strengthen potential in fresh strength know-how and advertise environmental sustainability.

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KACST serves as both a Saudi-Arabian national science agency and Saudi Arabia’s national laboratories. The science agency function involves science and technology policymaking, data collection and funding of external research and services such as the patent office. htm. sa. 3 Institutions Responsible for Environmental Policies in Saudi Arabia 17 The institutions listed earlier perform important research and analytical work but they lack clear national strategy of collaboration among themselves and between them and the private sector to commercialize their products or utilize their research in developing the private sector products and directions in the ecological and energy segments.

Greater reliance on private transport and increased size and number of cars lead to congestion in huge streets and roads. The significantly high ratios of private car ownership, including by youth and low-wage labour, create nuisance and misuse of vehicles inside and outside the cities. Recent available data show that there were around 336 vehicles per 1,000 Saudis in 2008,1 and this figure must be much higher now than it was 5 years ago due to growth in population and changes in disposable income and lifestyle.

For instance, the national government publishes a comprehensive list of companies that recycle hazardous wastes and offers them favourable tax incentives. Similarly, enterprises that utilize their own hazardous waste generated as main raw materials for production get income tax exemption for 5 years. In addition, enterprises that utilize hazardous waste generated from other enterprises get income tax reduction or exemption for 1 year (Shouren 1999). These are noteworthy lessons that Saudi Arabia should seek to adopt and implement.

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