Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science by Lynn Nadel

By Lynn Nadel

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Gibson (1904–1979) was a leading American scholar and researcher in the field of perception. His dynamic and functional approach radically changed perceptual theories of the time and led to his own theory, the ecological approach to perception. The ecological approach Conclusion tilt, and when a straight line was presented afterward, an after-effect occurred in the opposite direction. These experiments led him to the conclusion that spatial vision was not caused by stimulation of separate single receptors, but rather by larger structures such as gradients of change in the optic array – a new concept.

Passive sensations, knowledge is certainly not innate, but the mechanisms of perceptual activity are to a great extent ready to go at birth. Research has shown that spontaneous activity, such as looking around and listening, is present at birth. Sensory equipment is not fully mature, as in the case of the visual system, but information about the external environment is obtained at once, and even newborns are motivated to obtain such information. This environment itself must be described in an account of what information is obtained.

Hebb DO (1959) A neuropsychological theory. ) Psychology: A Study of a Science, vol. 1. New York: McGraw-Hill. Hebb DO (1980a) Essay on Mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hebb DO (1980b) D. O. Hebb. ) A History of Psychology in Autobiography, vol. VII. San Francisco, CA: WH Freeman. Hunt JM (1979) Psychological development: early experience. Annual Review of Psychology 30: 103–143. Klein RM (1980) D. O. Hebb: an appreciation. In: Jusczyk PW and Klein RM (eds) The Nature of Thought: Essays in Honor of D.

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