Elephants and Savanna Woodland Ecosystems: A Study from by Christina Skarpe, Johan T. du Toit, Stein R. Moe

By Christina Skarpe, Johan T. du Toit, Stein R. Moe

During the 19th century, ivory looking brought on a considerable lessen of elephant numbers in southern Africa. quickly after that, populations of many different huge and medium-sized herbivores went into steep decline as a result of the rinderpest pandemic within the Nineties. those occasions supplied a chance for wooded area institution in components formerly intensively used by elephants and different herbivores. The go back of elephants to presently secure parts in their former diversity has tremendously inspired plants in the community and the ensuing strength unwanted effects on biodiversity are inflicting hindrance between stakeholders, managers, and scientists.

This publication specializes in the ecological results of the expanding elephant inhabitants in northern Botswana, featuring the significance of the elephants for the heterogeneity of the procedure, and displaying that elephant ecology includes a lot wider spatiotemporal scales than used to be formerly inspiration. Drawing at the result of their study, the authors speak about elephant-caused results on plants in nutrient-rich and nutrient-poor savannas, and the aptitude festival among elephants at the one hand and browsers and combined feeders at the other.

Ultimately this article presents a entire overview of ecological methods in African savannas, overlaying long term atmosphere adjustments and human-wildlife conflicts. It summarises new wisdom at the ecology of the sub-humid African savanna ecosystems to boost the overall useful knowing of savanna ecosystems across moisture and nutrient gradients.

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Extra resources for Elephants and Savanna Woodland Ecosystems: A Study from Chobe National Park, Botswana

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Growth form is more often based on architecture (shrubs are typically multistemmed, trees single-stemmed) than on height. Types of spines are given as prickles (≤1 cm; often hooked) and spines (>1 cm; generally straight). e. e. leaves last >1 year). Growth rates are generally subjectively stated, and are likely to be relative. 7 Slow – Slow – Slow – – Fast – Growth rate – Leaves apparently only used by elephants – Elephants eat root and bark, giraffe the leaves – – Eaten by a variety of wild animals – – As herbivore food Tree Tree Tree Tree Shrub Tree Loganiaceae Loganiaceae Meliaceae Rubiaceae Verbenaceae Papilionideae Strychnos madagascariensis Strychnos potatorum Trichilia emetica Vangueria infausta Vitex mombassae Xeroderris stuhlmannii † Securinega Canthium frangula.

Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa 65, 125–176. L. G. (2008) Late Quaternary lake-level fluctuations in the Mababe Depression: middle Kalahari palaeolakes and the role of Zambezi inflows. Quaternary Research 69, 388–403. R. M. (1998) Carbon dioxide starvation, the development of C4 ecosystems, and mammalian evolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 353, 159–171. Chafota, J. & Owen-Smith, N. (2009) Episodic severe damage to canopy trees by elephants: interactions with fire, frost and rain.

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