By Margherita Mussi
This booklet goals to synthesize greater than 600,000 years of Italian prehistory, starting with the reduce Paleolithic and finishing with the final hunter-gatherers of the early Holocene. the writer treats such concerns because the improvement of social constitution, the increase and fall of particular cultural traditions, climatic switch, adjustments of the panorama, fauna and plant life, and environmental edition and exploitation and comprises targeted descriptions of an important sites.
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Extra info for Earliest Italy: An Overview of the Italian Paleolithic and Mesolithic
All these lines of evidence have been used to suggest a date of one million years for the first human settlement (Peretto 1992). No fauna was preserved. Some 4,000 lithic implements, fresh or slightly patinated, were retrieved by surface collection. They are quite small in size, as flint pebbles usually less than 10 cm long were used. 1). The assemblage also includes a variety of chopping tools, a few polyhedrons and handaxes, as well as hundreds of pebbles from which only a single flake was detached.
A different coastal geomorphological setting is found at Bibbona and Collinaia in Tuscany, which are on marine terraces, that is, on raised deposits left by a marine transgression preceding human settlement (Galiberti 1982; Galiberti et al. 1982; Sarti and Stoduti 1982). A date close to the final part of 0IS 11 is suggested for both by Malatesta and Zarlenga (1988). To establish the chronology, however, much credit is given to typological aspects of the lithic industries themselves, which include chopping tools but no handaxes.
The Hypothesis of Direct Contacts with Northern Africa: Archaeology, Paleontology, Paleogeography, and the Sicilian Sites The question of direct relationships between Sicily and Africa during the Paleolithic and, consequently, a southern origin for the earliest peopling of Italy has long been a controversial one. In 1929, R. Vaufrey, having examined the Sicilian faunas, excluded any contact across the Mediterranean. -H. 1):she considered the distribution of flake cleavers as well as the limited depth of the sea between Africa and Europe and the possible emersion of discontinuous land bridges during glacial periods.