Draughtsmen, Botanists and Nature: The Construction of by Karin Nickelsen

By Karin Nickelsen

This ebook is the 1st in-depth learn of eighteenth-century botanical illustrations. Its findings provide a totally new perception into the operating practices of the botanists and medical draughtsmen of this era. the writer describes different construction phases of those illustrations. For the 1st time, the writer offers a resounding description of the way botanical illustrations built, ascertaining the standards that drove this technique.

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No. 35, 16 February 1732. Cited Ludwig (1998), p. 153. Original German: “Was den [Hinter-]Grund anlanget, stelle ich solches dem urtheil dess Herrn Künstlers anheim, doch hielte ich meines Theils davor, dass bey denen jenigen Gewächsen, welche bleichgrüne Blätter oder eine weisse Blume haben, ein brauner Grund das Gemählde deutlicher machen sollte. Bey allen aber will nochmals gebetten haben, die Natur auf das deutlichste zu exprimiren, und, wo es möglich, jedes mal die Frucht oder den Saamen beyzusezen.

Ehret wrote this on the occasion of his election to the Academy (upon which he was given the Latin name Aemilius Macer II, after a nature-loving Roman poet). The Halle manuscript is a version of this outline, edited by Trew (as explained in the title). For a transcription, see Kastinger Riley (1996). TRWC. Beurer, J. A. to Trew, No. 27, 23 January 1732. Trew (1750-73), Preface, no pagination. Weinmann (1735-45). On Ehret in Regensburg, see Schnalke (1996), Kastinger Riley (1996) or Calmann (1977).

43 In examining Trew’s practice of publishing illustrated works, one should bear in mind that the circumstances in which he worked were extremely favourable: Trew had the financial and institutional means not only to train his draughtsmen but also to employ them in the long term, which meant that they could get used to his requirements and that Trew, in turn, knew what he could expect of them. Few eighteenth-century botanists were in such a position and could exploit the advantages of a collaborative method of working to the same extent.

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