By Ritva Laury
This publication issues one of many paradigm examples of grammaticalization, the advance of a distinct article from a demonstrative determiner. even supposing ordinary written Finnish has no articles, the demonstrative se is at present rising as a distinct article in spoken Finnish. This booklet describes and explains the constructing use of se according to a database together with spoken narratives from 3 various sessions spanning the final 100 years.
The writer proposes that the improvement from demonstrative to article has its roots within the method that audio system commonly use demonstratives in dialog, and offers an research of using se and the 2 different Finnish demonstratives, tämä and tuo in a corpus of multi-party conversations, exhibiting that audio system of Finnish use demonstratives to concentration awareness on very important referents and to specific and negotiate entry to them within the interactive context of ongoing speak, and never essentially to discuss how close to or a long way referents are. the advance of se right into a normal marker of identifiability is proven to be attached with either the focusing functionality of demonstratives in addition to its use for referents which the speaker considers available to the addressee.
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Additional resources for Demonstratives in Interaction: The emergence of a definite article in Finnish
Larjavaara's work may be viewed as a combination of the traditional, distance-based view of the semantics of the demonstratives combined with Itkonen's insights into their connection with speech roles. However, Larjavaara claims that Itkonen's characterization of spheres of 56 DEMONSTRATIVES IN INTERACTION perception is inexact in certain ways, and suggests that not all uses of Finnish demonstratives can be explained with reference to these spheres. Larjavaara notes (1985:19) that if one takes the concept of spheres of perception seriously, one would assume that in a face-to-face situation where the speaker and hearer are in the same space, they should share the same perceptual sphere and therefore all deictic reference should be made with tuo.
Note that even though there were two in laws, and the tracking noun phrase mention in line is plural, the classifying INTRODUCTION 27 mention is made with a singular noun phrase. Typically, the form of a nontracking mention is not sensitive to the distinction between singular and plural (Du Bois 1980:210). 7. Case and grammatical role Each noun phrase was also coded for its morphological case, and for its grammatical role. The grammatical roles used were A, S, O, Oblique, Predicate nominal, Predicate of existential, Genitive modifier, Right dislocation, Left dislocation, and Free noun phrase.
HOVI] The explicit classifying mentions attributed to the lord of the manor serve to express his displeasure about the match. This quote serves a typical evaluating function in the discourse (Chafe 1994). But for it to do its job, the addressee(s) need to be able to know who is being classified here, and from the rest of the discourse it is quite clear. To summarize, an identifiable noun phrase may be uncontroversially defined as one whose referent the addressee is able to identify. However, it is quite clear that knowledge of the referent is not necessary for identification; in many cases where identifiable mentions follow an introductory mention, discourse participants may have very little or no knowledge about the referent.