By Belma Haznedar, Elena Gavruseva
This quantity offers fresh generative study at the nature of grammars of kid moment language (L2) acquirers -- a learner inhabitants whose publicity to an L2 happens among the a long time of four to eight. the most aim is to outline baby L2 acquisition relating to different sorts of acquisition akin to baby monolingual and bilingual acquisition, grownup L2 acquisition, and particular language impairment. This comparative viewpoint opens up new angles for the dialogue of at present debated matters reminiscent of the position of common Grammar in constraining improvement, developmental sequences in L2, maturational impacts at the 'growth' of grammar, serious interval results for various linguistic domain names, preliminary kingdom and supreme attainment in terms of size of publicity, and L1-transfer relating to age of onset. those concerns are explored utilizing longitudinal, cross-sectional, and experimental facts from L2 kids buying a number of languages, together with Dutch, English, French, and Greek.
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Extra info for Current Trends in Child Second Language Acquisition: A Generative Perspective
Progressive aspect in child L2-English Table 2. A. A. I. I. I. Y. Y. L. L. I. O. A. A. N. T. Y. Y. , the non-italicized rows in the table. Table 2 shows that the use of the be auxiliary in the presence of -ing was fairly high across contexts, 67% overall. However, quite a few of the individual transcripts had low use of the be auxiliary. In terms of interpretation, the majority of both bare -ing and be + ing forms occur with an ongoing interpretation (mostly in the present tense), but uses of both forms with a habitual or perfective interpretation are also present.
However, this is not the case; both child and adult L2learners show optionality in the use of finiteness morphology, and in adult L2learners this optionality is subject to fossilization (Lardiere 2000; White 2003). Prévost & White (2000: 129) discuss precisely this problem, and suggest that “access to the more fully specified lexical entries is sometimes blocked. That is, even when a form specified for the relevant features has been acquired, it becomes temporarily irretrievable from the lexicon”.
Y. file2 is also the file with a disproportionally large number of overgenerated be forms. Y. uses be forms across all verb types, regardless of aspectual interpretation and presence of -ing, to mark tense/agreement. ’s knowledge of 43 44 Tania Ionin Table 8. Interpretation of be vs. N. T. Y. Y. A. A. I. I. I. Y. Y. L. L. I. O. A. A. 0% (8/10) n/a n/a n/a Azerbaijani (the two L1-Azerbaijani children studied by Gavruseva (this volume) also overgenerate be, but not to a particularly high extent, compared with the other children).