Crop Systems Biology: Narrowing the gaps between crop by Xinyou Yin, Paul C. Struik

By Xinyou Yin, Paul C. Struik

The sequencing of genomes has been accomplished for a growing number of crop species, and researchers have now succeeded in setting apart and characterising many very important QTLs/genes. excessive expectancies from genomics, despite the fact that, are waving again towards the popularity that crop body structure can also be vital for lifelike development of crop productiveness. advanced techniques and networks alongside a number of hierarchical degrees of crop progress and improvement might be completely understood with the aid of their mathematical description – modelling. The extra useful software of those understandings additionally calls for quantitative predictions. in an effort to higher help layout, engineering and breeding for brand spanking new plants and cultivars for making improvements to agricultural creation below international warming and weather swap, there's an expanding demand an interdisciplinary examine method, which mixes smooth genetics and genomics, conventional body structure and biochemistry, and complicated bioinformatics and modelling. Such an interdisciplinary strategy has been practised in a variety of study teams for a few years. although, it doesn't appear to be absolutely lined within the structure of e-book courses. we wish to start up a booklet undertaking on crop platforms biology - narrowing the gaps among genotypes and phenotypes and the gaps among crop modelling and genetics/genomics, for ebook in 2013/2014. The publication could be intended for these scientists and graduate scholars from primary plant biology and utilized crop technological know-how who're attracted to bridging the distance among those fields. now we have invited a gaggle of scientists (who have first-class tune files in publishing very good papers during this box or in a heavily comparable zone) to give a contribution chapters to this new booklet, they usually have agreed to do so.​

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Moreover, in every such region the derivatives 22 Fig. 2 Piece-wise linear approximation of a sigmoid function into a step function V. Baldazzi et al. 5 2 (trends) of the concentration variables have a determinate sign, which is shown to be invariant for rather weak constraints (inequalities) on the parameter values. In a qualitative analysis, each of these regions corresponds to a qualitative state of the network, analogous to the n-tuple of zero and ones of Boolean models. PL models are often used to describe gene regulatory networks, based on the observation that gene expression rates are often a sigmoid function of the transcription factor concentration.

1093/bioinformatics/btl210 Geigenberger P, Stitt M, Fernie AR (2004) Metabolic control analysis and regulation of the conversion of sucrose to starch in growing potato tubers. Plant Cell Environ 27:655–673. x Génard M, Bertin N, Borel C, Bussières P, Gautier H, Habib R, Léchaudel M, Lecomte A, Lescourret F, Lobit P et al (2007) Towards a virtual fruit focusing on quality: modelling features and potential uses. J Exp Bot 58:917–928 Glass L, Kauffman SA (1973) The logical analysis of continuous, non-linear biochemical control networks.

Xu and G. 1 I ntroduction and Overview: Using Morphogenetic Models in Cereal Breeding Cereals, such as rice, maize and wheat, constitute the basic staple foods of humankind, and the demand for them is rising with the increase in the human population. Cereal breeding science needs to ensure yield stability and increase in productivity in order to meet this increasing demand: Ensuring the current level of supply with cereals requires a joint effort employing all the technical means presently available.

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