By Thanh Nyan
From a Darwinian standpoint, language is rooted in our neurobiology, and the method wherein interpretation is reached relating to argumentative sequences isn't really numerous to that underlying motion choice in line with environmental switch: certainly, it arguably consists of a similar kind of decision-making (Damasio 1994). Context building, as construed by way of Nyan, corresponds to the initial degree of decision-making, while the replaced setting has to be labeled. What discourse markers give a contribution to context building is an upgraded point of automation, wherein the measure of edition assumed to be found in the interlocutor s processing context could be introduced inside of a doable variety. How discourse markers impact interpretation is construed when it comes to Damasio s (2010) convergence-and-divergence region framework."
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Extra resources for Context Construction As Mediated by Discourse Markers: An Adaptive Approach
2 The Horizontal Conception of Cognition The above view of language is in line with the ‘horizontal modularity conception of cognition’, while the traditional view pertains to the ‘vertical modularity conception’ (Hurley 2001: 7–9). ” Because each module is “dedicated to a particular kind of task” such as “predator recognition and fleeing-type behaviour, sensory and motor processes are not segregated, and the neural network receives feedback from the external environment as well as internal feedback.
Following Mayr (1983) Futuyma (1998) and Givón (2005), I take ‘contextualization’ to be an appropriate method for furthering our understanding of language as a biological phenomenon in general, and of DMs’ capacity for context construction in particular. Contextualization, in the latter case, involves situating this capacity, (a) in relation to problems occurring in the linguistic processing environment (‘horizontal contextualization’); and (b), in relation to co-optable pre-existing solutions (‘vertical contextualization’).
This type of context construction—I hypothesize—would also occur at the linguistic level, where action selection corresponds to the interlocutor’s interpretive decision concerning the intended conclusion. At the linguistic level—in particular, the argumentative level (as we shall see in Chapter 3)—the environment can be equated with the interlocutor’s processing context. Variation in this processing context, as anticipated by the speaker, would take the form of (a) complex categories encapsulating the interlocutor’s experience (those categories can be assumed to be different from the ones he is expected to invoke in order to process what is being said); (b) an insufficient level of processing skills (again, from the standpoint of S).