Conservation of bridges by Tilly, G. P.; Wallsgrove, Jon; Frost, Alan

By Tilly, G. P.; Wallsgrove, Jon; Frost, Alan

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Examples in Britain include Crathie 1834, Albert 1873 (originally cable­stayed, but much modified) and George Street, Newport 1964.  The next significant developments in the structural form were in the 1960s culminating in the aerodynamic section of the Severn Bridge, 1966.  Examples of welded plating include Billingham Branch Bridge, 1934.  There are several from that era still in use.  Examples include Kew Rail Bridge, London 1868 and Gaol Ferry Footbridge, Bristol, 1935.  Although having an element of composite action they were not designed as composite in the accepted sense.

5.  Courtesy A.  Many other packhorse bridges have been widened in the past and are now used by modern traffic.  This was followed by the railway era, around 1825 to 1900, which saw the development of tall multispan viaducts, for example Balcombe Viaduct (1842), across the Ouse Valley in Sussex by Rastrick, and longer spans for example Maidenhead Bridge (1837) by Brunel, having two 49 m spans. 6.  There are a number of bridges having ecclesiastical or other buildings attached which have subsequently been dismantled or partly dismantled leaving remnant foundations, etc.

This background information is to assist with: • judgement on whether a structural form or detail is common or sufficiently rare to merit special attention • judgement on historic value of a bridge • information about components and types of construction no longer used. 3.  In consequence the earliest structures were river crossings where it was not possible to use a ford; this continued until the industrial revolution starting with the canal era in the eighteenth century.  Later ones were higher and a little more sophisticated.

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