By Boers, Frank
Gaining knowledge of the vocabulary of a international language is without doubt one of the so much daunting initiatives that language beginners face. The immensity of the duty is underscored by way of the realisation that it isn't purely unmarried phrases but in addition a variety of standardised words (idioms, collocations, etc.) that must be obtained. there's hence a transparent want for tutorial equipment that aid newbies take on this activity, and but few proposals for vocabulary guideline have to date long past past innovations for rote-learning and widespread technique of selling of noticing. this is why vocabulary and phrasing have lengthy been assumed arbitrary. The volume? offers a long-overdue substitute by means of exploring and exploiting the presence of linguistic 'motivation' - or, systematic non-arbitrariness - within the lexicon. the 1st half the quantity stories abundant empirical facts of the pedagogical effectiveness of featuring vocabulary to inexperienced persons as non-arbitrary. the information suggested point out that the proposed educational equipment can gain whilst either the character of the objective lexis and the fundamental cognitive orientations of specific inexperienced persons are taken into consideration. the 1st half the ebook regularly objectives lexis that has already attracted a good quantity of realization from Cognitive Linguists some time past (e.g. phrasal verbs and figurative idioms). the second one part broadens the scope significantly by means of revealing the non-arbitrariness of numerous different lexical styles, together with collocations and note partnerships in general. this is often accomplished via recognising a few long-neglected dimensions of linguistic motivation - etymological and phonological motivation, particularly. Concrete feedback are made for placing the non-arbitrary nature of phrases and words to strong use in advised language learning.? The volume? is accordingly of curiosity not just to utilized linguists and researchers in Seco
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Additional info for Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Teaching Vocabulary and Phraseology (Applications of Cognitive Linguistics)
In the control condition, the same lexis was organised under functional headings referring to whether the expressions were used to describe sudden anger, a slow build-up of anger, or angry personalities. This was done to ensure the same degree of organisation of the input under both conditions, so that any superior learning effects under the experimental condition could not be dismissed as being merely the result of the lexis being grouped rather than listed. In an immediate post-test (a text-based gap-filling exercise targeting ten of the expressions), the experimental group outperformed the control group significantly.
G. Brinton and Traugott 2005; Bybee 2003; Sweetser 1990), CL typically views linguistic motivation synchronically. However, a diachronic perspective may prove to be a useful addition for helping learners appreciate the motivated nature of words and phrases. At word level, a diachronic perspective is usually equated with “etymology”. Etymological explanations of the meaning and/or form of words can serve as a type of intra-linguistic motivation and thus as a pathway for semantic and/or structural elaboration.
G. pass the baton and a dummy run). The experimental students were given the supplementary task of writing down a hypothesis about the origin of each idiom while the control students were asked to invent a communicative How cognitive linguistics can further vocabulary teaching 35 situation in which each idiom could be used. e. g. associating pass the baton with a mental image of a relay race). 001), which may again be indicative of the mnemonic power of dual coding. 001). Encouraged by these results, Boers, Demecheleer and Eyckmans (2004a, b) and Boers, Eyckmans and Stengers (2006, 2007) conducted a series of larger-scale experiments with the aid of an on-line programme of exercises they developed to help Dutch-speaking students comprehend and remember a total of 400 English idioms.