By H. Dick, P. Rimmer
This booklet exhibits the impression of globalization on Southeast Asia, which over a number of a long time has advanced from a unfastened set of war-torn ex-colonies to being a centre of worldwide production. concentrating on towns, the authors clarify the emergence of recent Southeast Asia and its expanding integration into the realm financial system by means of exhibiting how technological swap, fiscal improvement and politics have reworked the flows of products, humans and data.
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Additional info for Cities, Transport and Communications: The Integration of Southeast Asia since 1850
Towns have burgeoned into great cities. Conversely, rivers have silted up and once-thriving ports and hinterlands have fallen into decay. Equivalent geological processes have taken billions of years. New technologies often define the age. An invention such as the telegraph, railway, aeroplane or television that vastly extends the possibilities for human activity, generates tremendous excitement and for a time focuses the creative energies, sometimes on a global scale. Ambitious projects are conceived, capital is mobilized, new organizations are formed, activities relocated, and new industries established.
Southeast Asian ports in bold. Source: CIY (1987–2002). 4 Asian cities ranked in top 25 airports by air freight, 1985, 1995 and 2000 (‘000 tonnes) Asia-Pacific Hong Kong Tokyo Singapore Seoul Taipei Osaka Bangkok Kuala Lumpur Manila 1985 1995 2000 tonnes rank tonnes rank 420 726 299 308 223 NR 171 NR NR 7 2 10 9 12 — 16 — — 1,458 1,606 1,104 1,014 734 417 619 NR 275 2 1 6 8 12 17 14 — 23 tonnes 2,241 1,876 1,683 1,592 1,196 851 828 479 NR rank 1 2 3 4 11 14 15 18 — Note: NR ϭ Not ranked. Southeast Asian airports in bold.
The transpacific route between East Asia and North America now overshadows this. 6 million for the transatlantic route (NYK 2001; Rimmer 2002). East Asia has become the main generator of cargo with major ports in Japan (Osaka-Kobe, Tokyo-Yokohama), Korea (Pusan), China (Shanghai, Shenzhen), Taiwan (Kaohsiung) and Hong Kong. Singapore achieves equal importance with Hong Kong in Europe–Asia trade but plays a secondary role in transpacific trade (Rimmer 1998). Containerization has led to a commercial reintegration of Southeast Asia focused on Singapore.