By Jingyuan Li, Tongjin Yang
This ebook introduces the concept that of Eco-civilization, highlights the development and improvement of eco-cities in China, and assesses the achievements and shortcomings of China’s eco-city development tasks. As either China and Western international locations face an coming near near ecological obstacle, responding to that obstacle is a typical problem for all people. there's an overpowering consensus between chinese language students that during order to effectively deal with the ecological main issue effectively we needs to determine an eco-civilization, and one very important step towards attaining that target is to plot and build eco-cities.
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Extra resources for China's Eco-city Construction
3 Global Development of Eco-civilizations International organizations such as the UN play an irreplaceable role advocating, organizing, coordinating, and promoting progress toward eco-civilizations around the world. These organizations have opened up a new chapter in the global development of eco-civilizations by helping human societies agree on sustainable development. 18 T. Yang et al. 1 Overview of primary sustainable development and eco-civilization indicator sets Type Systemic Name The DSR framework Sustainable Capacity (SC) China’s sustainable development indicator set Societal Human Development Index (HDI) Economic National Wealth (NW) Sustainable Economic Welfare (SEW) Green GNP Environmental Environmental sustainability indicator set Description Developed by the UNCSD, this framework consists of social, economic, environmental, and institutional indicators Developed by the CAS sustainable development research team, the SC includes 251 indicators covering the overall, system, state, variable, and element layers The MOST’s ACCA21 built an indicator set for China’s sustainable development according to China’s Agenda 21 released by the State Council in 2004.
This system comprises of the objective layer, reference layers 1 and 2, and the indicator layer. The descriptive and evaluative indicator systems are set on the indicator layer, comprising of 196 descriptive indicators and 100 evaluative indicators. This indicator set highlights the interactive, mutual, and mutually conditional cause-and-effect relationships between the overall concept of sustainable development and the indicators independently. These indicators provide a wide coverage that enables scientiﬁc assessment of the overall state of China’s sustainable development.
The Kyoto Protocol was adopted as a supplement to the UNFCCC at the third session of the Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC (COP 3) in December 1997 in Kyoto, Japan. This protocol speciﬁes greenhouse gas emission targets, countryspeciﬁc duties and responsibilities, and implementation mechanisms. A resolution was formally passed on December 15, 2007, at the Bali Climate Change Conference urging negotiations on new arrangements for responding to climate change before the end of 2009. The participating nations adopted the highly anticipated Bali Road Map, which established a clear agenda for negotiations to be held by the end of 2009, including key climate change issues that were to be addressed.