By J. Hay, M. J. Bartkoski Jr. (auth.), Dr. Paul E. Came, Dr. Lawrence A. Caliguiri (eds.)
" . . . the motto for the therapeutics of the long run must be de sedibus et causis pharmacorum. " P. EHRLICH, 1909 fascinating occasions within the easy disciplines of virology, immunology, and pharmacology proceed to increase the knowledge of the pathogenesis and keep watch over of virus illnesses. whilst, the rational improvement of antiviral brokers is attracting, to an expanding quantity, the curiosity of staff in different disciplines. advancements in know-how facilitate the definition of strength goal websites for antiviral intervention and unmask new viral and host genes. the result is yet another regular improvement of latest antiviral brokers which method the "magic bullets" first proposed through PAUL EHRLICH. impressive advances in protein man made tools that yield polypeptides which inhibit lively websites of viral proteins have aided considerably within the simple and medical research of those antiviral brokers. furthermore, the super speedy development in recombinant DNA ideas, resulting in the synthesis of enormous amounts of gene items, is usually expanding our possibilities at a speeding speed. New info and constructing know-how facilitate examine at the mechanism of motion, toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of recent brokers. The checklist of clinically potent antiviral brokers is increasing and the variety of almost certainly necessary compounds is transforming into speedily. This booklet is a mixed theoretical textual content and useful handbook which, it's was hoping, could be of use to all who've an curiosity in virus ailments, quite scientists, physicians and graduate students.
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Additional resources for Chemotherapy of Viral Infections
The tumor tissue of Burkitt's lymphoma consists of B-lymphocytes of a single clone (WRIGHT 1972; FIALKOW et al. 1973), which are infected with EBV. Tumor tissue usually contains multiple copies of the EBV genome (ZUR HAUSEN et al. 1970; NONOYAMA and PAGANO 1973) and the EBV DNA in this tumor tissue is found in the form of a: closed circular episome (KASCHKADIERICH et al. 1976; LINDAHL et al.
The core has a cylindrical protein structure around which the DNA is wound as a toroid (FURLONG et al. 1972) and the whole is encased in the capsid, a 162 cap somer icosahedron (WILDY 1967, Fig. 6). Between capsid and envelope is the amorphous tegument layer (ROIZMAN et al. 1975) and the envelope, in the electron microscope, is indistinguishable from the cell's nuclear membrane. There may be as many as 30 polypeptides in the particle, and ROIZMAN et al. (1975) have summarized the probable location of many of them in the four components recognized.
EBV, 103 HVA HVS 90 103 E AV,P V 94 9 2 HSV, B MV 96 88 Fig. 7. Comparison of the structures of several known herpesvirus DNAs shown in a circular arrangement. The triangles denote the positions of the termini of the linear molecules. The full circles, shown out of proportion to their true size, represent the a sequences. The full, open, and striated segments of the circular representations are meant to indicate the terminal sequences that are inverted internally. The numbers below each circle give the molecular weights of the DNAs in millions.