Cardamom The Genus Elettaria by P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

By P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

Cardamom differently referred to as Malabar cardamom, real cardamom or small cardamom moment in simple terms to pepper in its value in the course of the Renaissance interval, is frequently certified because the Queen of Spices due to its very friendly aroma and style. The Western Ghat woodland of the Malabar coast, India, is the guts of starting place and variety for cardamom and it might probably were nature's layout that the King and Queen of spices (black pepper and cardamom) originated within the similar forest.

This quantity comprises 16 chapters, fourteen on cardamom and one each one on huge cardamom and fake cardamoms. All elements of the cardamom crop were lined during this quantity, and every bankruptcy is written through specialists of their respective fields. This quantity is visualized as either a textbook and reference paintings for scientists and scholars of horticulture, plantation vegetation, botany and comparable fields, and may pass directly to function the most reference quantity on cardamom for a few years to return.

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The placental bundles initially merge to form a triradiate axial strand (Fig. 9d). At the beginning of the ovuliferous zone, the composite placental cord divides into a few strands, chiefly located at the inner ends of the septa, which end in sending traces to the ovules (Fig. 9e). The small strands in the ovary wall end leaving a ring of nine strands in groups of three each, the median bundles of every set being the small median bundles of a sepal (Fig. 9f). The parietal bundles increase in size, divide into two or three strands, each one produces lateral branches, adjacent ones of which fuse to form an anastomizing vascular plexus on top of the ovary (Fig.

Meiosis is quite normal and pollen fertility high. 16 (a) Mitotic metaphase from a root tip squash showing 2n ϭ 48; (b) a late meiotic metaphase showing 24 bivalents. J. Madhusoodanan, K. N. Ravindran (2n ϭ 4x ϭ 96) showed very limited chromosome abnormalities and had good pollen fertility and seed set (Sudharshan, 1989). 1 Panicle production, panicle nature and flowering Tillers emerge from axils of underground stem and from their bases vegetative buds emerge almost throughout the year. However, majority of the vegetative buds are produced during January–March.

1: 6), seed number per fruit varied from 5–31. Plants having multibranched panicles or compound panicles occur in small proportions in the segregating populations of certain lines such as CL-37. Padmini et al. (2000) studied the variability among the compound panicle types, which are mostly having Vazhukka type of inflorescence. Among the compound panicles, proximal branching is more prevalent than the distal or entire branching types. The contribution of such branching towards yield (weight of fresh and dry capsules) varied from 12–41 per cent.

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