By Word of Mouth: Metaphor, Metonymy and Linguistic Action by Louis Goossens, Paul Pauwels, Brygida Rudzka-Ostyn,

By Louis Goossens, Paul Pauwels, Brygida Rudzka-Ostyn, Anne-Marie Simon-Vandenbergen, Johan Vanparys

This quantity includes seven synchronic and diachronic empirical investigations into the expression and conceptualization of linguistic motion in English, concentrating on figurative extensions. the next matters are explored:
• resource domain names, and their relation to the complexities of linguistic motion as a goal domain.
• The position of axiological parameter, the experiential grounding of metaphors expressing worth decisions and the half performed through image-schemata, how worth decisions happen and their socio-cultural embedding.
• The graded personality of metaphoricity and its correlation with levels of recoverability/salience.
• The interplay of metonymy and metaphor, e.g. the query what elements encourage the conventionalization of metonymies, which include the point of view that conventionalized metaphors usually have a metonymic origin.
• The position of image-schemata within the association and improvement of a lexical subfield, which increases new questions about the character of metaphor, the identity of resource and goal domain names and the Invariance speculation.

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Extra resources for By Word of Mouth: Metaphor, Metonymy and Linguistic Action in a Cognitive Perspective

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Th. to oneself, withhold (information). 8 He dangled a trip to Paris in front of her to get her to work for him. (LDOCE) Verbs of taking While the verbials above indicate movement of objects/words from speaker to H and take S as subject, verbials of taking focus on H's side. The most neutral verbs here are get and take, indicating comprehension and belief respectively: (55) (56) (57) I didn't really get the point of the story. (LDOCE) Don't get me wrong - I'm not complaining. (LDOCE) take it from me / take my word 22 JOHAN VANPARYS Similarly, to take s.

Even within the domain of verbal communication, extensions are possible between various subdomains. 's doom, speak in parables, pontificate, pray, preach, prophesy, swear. 14 Complex categories In the first subsections of section 4, metaphorical items were discussed in terms of fairly schematic terms, such as 'object', 'container', 'expansion and compression', 'motion', 'transfer' etc. Gradually, richer images have come into play, such as the human body and its functions, warfare, religion, etc.

The metaphor describes controlled silence. Other metaphors focus on silence that is beyond the control of the speaker. For instance, take someone's breath away ('make unable to speak' {LDOCE)) attributes the inability to speak to an external agent. Use of articulators The metaphor drool ('talk foolishly' (LDOCE)), in which the mouth is necessarily involved, describes a natural reflex which human beings should have learnt to control. The metaphor brings in three elements: the speaker's behaviour is described as uncontrolled, the substance brought out is characterized as valueless, and the action as a whole as distasteful and socially unacceptable.

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