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3 in the Statistical annex). France reports having fixed expenditure frameworks with revisions of its aggregate ceilings on the policy area level only every 2-3 years. The Netherlands and the United Kingdom revise their ceilings only after a fixed four year period. 2 in the Statistical annex). 6. Levels of ceilings of MTEF (Q27) 2012 2007 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Overall/ total expenditure Other aggregate levels Organisational level Other level Notes: 1) Some countries have more than one level of ceilings, notably Austria, Germany, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand and Portugal.
The stronger the minister of finance, for example, the stronger his or her civil servants will be in interdepartmental negotiations. A strong institutional role may grant the minister of finance the ‘final say’ in budget disputes. Lacking this individual authority however, collective mechanisms such as the cabinet or committees may be required to resolve disputes. Ultimate authority for dispute resolution varies across OECD countries. 4 in the Statistical annex). e. g. Finland where during this parliamentary term the meetings includes prime minister, minister of finance and 4 other ministers).
E. smallest level of spending subject to parliamentary approval) in order to allocate aggregate spending across government. Once confirmed, ceilings become rules that are binding upon every cabinet member throughout the budget process. g. ). Sectoral ceilings are an indication of the government’s policy priorities and should take into account existing programmes, previous policy commitments, and new initiatives that the government intends to launch. Ceilings at a line-item level are commonly associated with traditional bottom-up budgeting systems and the use of input controls by the Ministry of Finance.