By Morgan S. Pratchett, Michael L. Berumen, B. G. Kapoor
Butterflyfishes (family Chaetodontidae) are a hugely conspicuous section of fish fauna on coral reefs through the international. In mild in their robust dependence on coral, they can be considered as the epitome of coral reef fishes. This quantity examines the ecology and conservation of coral reef butterflyfishes. It offers very important insights on their evolution and key occasions and variations that experience ended in their proliferation inside of coral reef ecosystems. Key to the toughness of butterflyfishes is the evolution of coral-feeding—a valuable concentration of the ecological chapters during this quantity. The ebook additionally highlights key threats and demanding situations with regards to the conservation of butterflyfishes and ends with an summary of present and destiny learn directions.
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Additional info for Biology of Butterflyfishes
D. 1988. The osteology and phylogeny of the Chaetodontidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). PhD dissertation, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA. E. 1974. Evidence for the elevation to family status of the angelfishes (Pomacanthidae), previously considered to be a subfamily of the butterflyfish family, Chaetodontidae. Pacific Science 28: 57–71. Carnevale, G. 2006. Morphology and biology of the Miocene butterflyfish Chaetodon ficheuri (Teleostei: Chaetodontidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 146: 251–267.
1989) Johnrandallia nigrirostris + Allen et al. (1989) Forcipiger flavissimus + Ludwig (1984) (essentially the fish ‘tongue-bone’), is rapidly lowered concomitantly with elevation of the skull. , protruded). This facilitates a release of the pressure gradient, pulling water and prey into the mouth (these traits may be less fully developed in primarily biting taxa); 3) the opercular region is expanded to move the water through the head and out the gill openings; while 4) the mouth is closed onto or around the prey.
1). In these obligate corallivorous taxa; more pronounced flexion at the IMJ is seen than in any other known IMJ-bearing coral reef fish. Via rotation of the IMJ, in concert with rotation in the generalised lower jaw articulation, coral-feeding Chaetodon butterflyfishes can not only shorten the lower jaw out-lever instantaneously (Fig. 8B-C), but also displace the lower jaw tooth rows further away from the upper jaw tooth rows than if the IMJ had not been present (Fig. 8C). This function, analogous to how Fig.