By Konstantinos Ganias
Apart from being commercially and socially major, anchovies and sardines populations occupy an important positions within the oceans’ ecosystems. Low within the foodstuff chain, clupeoids have a tendency in the direction of abundance, as though their function in lifestyles used to be to be eaten and gasoline the higher degrees of marine trophic chains. the current publication covers a huge spectrum of themes at the biology (sytematics, phylogeography, copy, feeding) and ecology (habitat characterization, recruitment variability) of anchovies and sardines. It additionally places jointly very important details at the nation in their fisheries, exploitation and management.
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Extra info for Biology and Ecology of Sardines and Anchovies
2008). In a work aiming to infer the evolution of habitat preference in the Clupeoidei, Lavoué et al. (2013) found at least 11 independent transitions from marine to freshwater environments. All these transitions occurred late in the evolution of Clupeoidei and the early clupeoids were confined to marine habitats, at least, until the end of the Cretaceous. Water temperature preference appears to represent a stronger dispersal barrier for the clupeoids with only five transitions from a tropical to temperate habitat (Lavoué et al.
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