By Craig B Stanford; John S Allen; Susan C Antón
This textbook offers a survey of actual anthropology, the department of anthropology that reports the actual improvement of the human species. It performs a big half within the learn of human origins and within the research and identity of human is still for felony reasons. It attracts upon human physique measurements, human genetics, and the research of human bones and comprises the learn of human mind evolution, and of tradition as neurological model to setting. The authors use the revolutionary time period "biological anthropology" to intend "an integrative mixture of data from the fossil list and the human skeleton, genetics of people and of populations, our primate family, human version, and human behavior." Read more...
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Extra info for Biological anthropology : the natural history of humankind
Darwin’s mother died when he was 8 years old. An ardent naturalist from an early age, Darwin wandered the English countryside in search of animals and plants to study. However, he was a lackluster student. When Darwin was 16, his father sent him to study medicine at the University of Edinburgh. Uninterested in his studies and appalled at the sight of surgery, young Darwin did not fare well academically. He did, however, make his initial contacts with evolutionary theory, in the form of Lamarck’s ideas about evolutionary change.
At an earlier time in history, the scholarly study of physical traits such as height, skull shape, and especially skin color was tainted with the possibility that the researcher had some racially biased preconceptions. Today, biological anthropologists are interested in human variation, both anatomical and genetic, simply because it offers clues about the peopling of the world by the migrations of early people. Understanding when, where, and how people left Africa and colonized Europe, Asia, and eventually the New World can tell us a great deal about the roots of modern languages, diseases, population genetics, and other topics of great relevance in the world today.
Anglican archbishop James Ussher (1581–1656) calculated the date of the creation of Earth using the only evidence of the age of Earth available to him: the Old Testament of the Bible. c. as the year of the creation. Although it sounds a bit silly today, Ussher had no other chronological evidence available to him. He knew that Adam had lived to a ripe old age and begat Cain and Abel; the cumulative ages of these founders and all their descendants added up to about a 5,500-year history of the world.