Artemisia (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants - Industrial by Colin W. Wright

By Colin W. Wright

A accomplished evaluation of this genus, Artemisia examines all elements of the herbs makes use of and purposes, its mode of motion and scientific value. Following a finished advent to the genus, the ebook discusses the botanical, phytochemical and organic facets of a few vital species of Artemisis. on account that the invention of artemisinin, a hugely lively antimalarial agent from the chinese language herb A. annua is of substantial significance, this quantity devotes numerous chapters to the conventional makes use of, cultivation and phytochemistry of this species and to the improvement of artemisinin-derived antimalarial brokers, their mode of motion and medical use.

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3) (Fraga 1992; 1993; 1994). Quite recently two new eudesmanolides and two new guaianolides have been obtained from A. lerchiana (Todorova and Krasteva 1996), while a new eudesmenoic acid has been isolated from A. , 1995). The extraction of air dried aerial parts of A. eriopoda afforded a sesquiterpene mixture containing three new eudesmane diols: lP,6P-dihydroxy-4(14)-eudesmene,Sa-hydroxyisopterocarpolone and l-oxo-cryptomeridiol (Fig. , 1996a), whereas A. pontica was found to contain seven new 5-hydroxyeudesmanolides in addition to artemin (Fig.

INTRODUCTION 43 Fahn, A. (1988). Tansley review No. 14. Secretory tissues in vascular plants. New Phytologist, 108,229-257. S. and Janick, J. (1995) Floral morphology of Artemisia annua with special reference to trichomes. Int. ]. , 156, 807-815. S. and Janick, J. (1996) Immunoquantitative analysis of artemisinin from Artemisia annua using polyclonal antibodies. Phytochemistry, 41, 97-104. E. and Janick, J. (1995a) Developmental studies of Artemisia annua. Flowering and artemisinin production under greenhouse and field conditions.

Alba also contained high percentages of the branched alkane 2MC2,. The common occurrence in Angiosperms of C29and C31has been documented by a large number of reports and the presence of iso-alkanes has been demonstrated in several plant waxes (Maffei 1994 and refs. cited therein). I N VITRO CELL AND TISSUE CULTURES Undifferentiated and differentiated in vitro tissue culture techniques have been recently developed, concerning the most economic valuable Artemisia species. The main efforts have been devoted to the in vitro selection of highly yielding clones and cell lines, producing secondary metabolites, with pharmacological and industrial applications.

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