Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and by Alison K. Hoagland

By Alison K. Hoagland

Throughout the 19th century, the U.S. army outfitted quite a few forts around the nation because it stationed an increasing number of troops west of the Mississippi. whilst most folk take into consideration army forts within the American West, they think enforcing strongholds, meccas of protection enclosed via excessive, palisaded partitions. This well known view, in spite of the fact that, is way from truth.

In military structure within the West , Alison ok. Hoagland dispels the parable that each one western forts have been uniform buildings of army may well churned out in accordance with a grasp set of plans approved by means of military officers in Washington, D.C. as an alternative, via reading 3 exemplary Wyoming forts, Hoagland unearths that commonly various architectural designs have been used to build western forts.

With greater than one hundred twenty illustrations, military structure within the West deals a brand new means of utilizing structure to achieve perception into the position of the military within the American West. by means of targeting the tangible is still of the army's presence within the West, Hoagland provides a brand new imaginative and prescient of yank army heritage.

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Additional resources for Army Architecture in the West: Forts Laramie, Bridger, and D.A. Russell, 1849-1912

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From Medical History of the Post [Fort Laramie]. Laramie in 1849, Deputy Quartermaster General Aeneas Mackay inspected the post, traveling 337 miles from Fort Kearny in seventeen days. Fort Laramie was at an elevation of 4,200 feet, located among the rolling grassy hills of the high Plains. High winds and extreme temperatures characterized the site. Mackay’s report on Fort Laramie delineated its natural resources, admitting that he had approached Fort Laramie with a negative attitude but that the labors of 1st Lt.

Legislators steadily reduced army appropriations and personnel in the years when its frontier role was expanding. In the 1850s Secretary of War Jefferson Davis was able to win some modest increases by pointing out that in the previous fifty years the nation had doubled in size, the white population had grown by 18 million, yet the strength of the army had remained at about 10,000. In general, though, antebellum congresses were reluctant to spend money on increasing the size of the army, or even on adequately supplying the existing army.

Courtesy the National Park Service. Pierre Chouteau, a rival fur trader, acquired that fort and replaced it in 1842 with Fort John, an adobe, high-walled fort, also known as Fort Laramie (fig. 1-3). In 1849 an army officer described the fort this way: “A square of about 40 yards of adobe wall of 12 ft. height. On the east side are quarters of two stories with a piazza. On the opposite side, the main gate, lookout, flagstaff, etc. with shops, store houses etc. ”18 By the time the army considered buying the fort, it was not only a viable trading post, but had also become a landmark on the emigrant trail.

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