By The Institution of Structural Engineers
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Additional info for Appraisal of existing structures
A Design guide for footfall induced vibration of structures: a tool for designers to engineer the footfall vibration characteristics of buildings or bridges. CCIP-016. 37 Network Rail. The Structural assessment of underbridges. NR/GN/CIV/25, Issue 3 June 2006. 38 Highways Agency. Design manual for roads and bridges. 21 BS 5400-10: 1980: Steel, concrete and composite bridges – Part 10: Code of practice for fatigue. London: BSI, 1980; BS 5400-10C: 1999: Steel, concrete and composite bridges – Part 10C: Charts for classification of details for fatigue.
Rates of future deterioration can be significantly reduced by cladding or improved rain shedding. Electro-chemical techniques can be used to reduce and control corrosion rates in some conditions. e. spalling of concrete repairs). As a result of the many concrete structures built in the 1950s, 60s and 70s, and the problems associated with these structures, certain methods have been developed for the appraisal of residual service life. For a five or ten year period, it is possible to make reasonable estimates on future performance, but these predictions will need to be checked by regular future monitoring of the structure as part of the Life-Care Plan.
F. et al. Recognising wood rot and insect damage in buildings. BRE Report BR453. 3rd ed. 63 Building Research Establishment. Wet rot: recognition and control. BRE Digest 345. 64 Building Research Establishment. Dry rot: its recognition and control. BRE Digest 299. 65 IStructE. Design and construction of deep basements including cut-and-cover structures. G. J. eds. The Weathering and performance of building materials. 2 Basic questions As mentioned in the Introduction, structural appraisal is an activity quite different from design.