By Edward M. Barrows
"Words are our instruments, and, at the least, we should always use fresh instruments. we should always understand what we suggest and what we don't, and we needs to forearm ourselves opposed to the traps that language units us."
-- the necessity for designated Terminology, Austin (1957, 7–8)
It follows that, for powerful and effective communique, humans must have, or a minimum of comprehend, an analogous particular terminology. Such terminology is essential for the development of easy, theoretical, and utilized technological know-how, but too frequently there's ambiguity among clinical and customary definitions or even discrepancies within the clinical literature.
Providing a typical floor and platform for detailed medical conversation in animal habit, ecology, evolution, and comparable branches of biology, Animal habit table Reference, A Dictionary of habit, Ecology, and Evolution, 3rd Edition comprises greater than 800 new phrases and definitions, forty eight new figures, and millions of additives and enhancements.
Using a dictionary structure to offer definitions in a typical, simply available demeanour, the book’s major physique emphasizes conceptual phrases, instead of anatomical components or taxonomic phrases, and makes a speciality of nouns, instead of verbs or adjectives. time period hierarchies are dealt with with bulleted entries and phrases with a number of definitions are incorporated as superscripted entries. All resources are pointed out and such a lot are paraphrased to comply to uniform kind and length.
The dictionary additionally contains nontechnical and out of date phrases, synonyms, pronunciations, and notes and reviews, in addition to etymologies, time period originators, and similar proof. Appendices deal with organism names, agencies, and databases.
Devoted to the ideal and proper use of medical language, this 3rd variation of a bestselling standard permits scholars and scientists alike to speak their findings and advertise the effective development of science.
Read or Download Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution, Third Edition PDF
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Additional info for Animal Behavior Desk Reference: A Dictionary of Animal Behavior, Ecology, and Evolution, Third Edition
See revertant. segregation-distorter alleleâ•… n. A meiotic-drive locus in Drosophila (Rieger et al. 1991). silent allele, silent mutant, silent section (of a chromosome)â•… n. “An allele that manifests no detectable phenotypic effect” (Lincoln et al. 1985); “an allele that makes no detectable product” (King and Stansfield 1985). cf. allele: null allele; gene: pseudogene t alleleâ•… n. A meiotic-drive locus in mice (Rieger et al. 1991). wild-type alleleâ•… n. The natural, or typical, form of an allele that is arbitrarily designated as standard, or normal, for comparison with mutant, or aberrant, alleles (Lincoln et al.
Altruistic altruism (Donald Carr in Alcock 1979), true altruism cf. altruism: reciprocal altruism Note: This definition is related to Wynne-Edwards’ (1962) concept of nonkin group selection. This kind of altruism occurs in Humans, but is probably, at best, rare in nonhumans. Any behavior that benefits another animal while harming, or imperiling, the individual that performs it (Wittenberger 1981, 613). Note: Benefit and harm are measured in terms of direct fitness (Wittenberger 1981, 613). For example, in social animal species: Behavior of a focal animal that increases its indirect fitness (West Eberhard 1975, 7).
Gargle callâ•… n. In Poecile atricapillus (Blackcapped Chickadees): A vocalization used in agonistic encounters (Miyasato and Baker 1999, 1311). ▶âŒ¶ mew callâ•… n. In Larus argentatus (Herring Gulls): A long drawn out tone given with a bird’s neck stretched forward and down and with its bill open wide; possibly used for attracting other gulls or expressing antagonism (Tinbergen 1958 in Heymer 1977, 96). i. mew call ▶âŒ¶ milk callâ•… n. In some mammal species: A female’s vocalization that summons young prior to feeding (Dunbar 1985).