An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The by John Drabble

By John Drabble

An monetary heritage of Malaysia, c.1800-1990 , presents the 1st basic background of the Malaysian economic system during the last centuries, together with a survey of the pre-colonial period. a different characteristic is that it integrates the ancient reports of Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak as a case learn within the onset of recent fiscal progress. specific consciousness is paid to explaining Malaysia's sign good fortune in attaining a comparatively tender shift clear of the first commodity export financial system of the colonial interval to near-NIC prestige by way of 1990.

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Extra resources for An Economic History of Malaysia, c. 1800–1990: The Transition to Modern Economic Growth

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The outcome was a progressive expansion of Sarawak territory and a corresponding erosion of Brunei to a fraction of its former size by 1890. Sarawak was not a colonial state in the conventional sense with internal affairs subject to regulation by a metropolitan government. It was a ‘private feudal domain’ of the Brooke family (Fisher, 1963, 103), though its existence was ultimately underpinned by Britain. 2). The British North Borneo Chartered Company (1881) embodied the, by then, outmoded device of the royal charter which stipulated that the company must remain British in character and accept the ‘advice of the British government should the latter disagree with any dealings with the indigenous people and foreign powers’ (Tregonning, 1965, Ch.

Interchanges took place between upland and lowland peoples, the former trading forest products in return for foodstuffs, salt, cloth and so on (Dunn, 1975, 113). The port cities, with their large non-food producing populations, were dependent upon supplies from their surrounding hinterland and sometimes from much further afield. The prime example here is Melaka which drew the bulk of its food supply (mainly rice) from Java. At the time of the Portuguese conquest (1511) Pires (1515) estimated annual food imports from that source at 8000 tonnes (cited in Anderson and Vorster, 1983, 439).

Thereafter as its commercial pre-eminence declined the population fell sharply to 12 000 just before the Dutch takeover (1641), and still further to 5000 under Dutch rule (Reid, 1993, 73–5). Likewise Brunei, estimated by the Portuguese visitor Pigafetta in the 1520s to have up to 25 000 ‘fires’ or houses (which could indicate up to 162 000 people depending on the conversion factor used), declined to about 16 000 by 1608 following attack by Manila-based Spanish in 1579 (Reid, 1993, Table 7). The sources of population growth were natural increase, which as we have seen was held in check by several factors, and immigration.

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