Alchemists of Human Nature - Psychological Utopianism in by Petteri Pietikainen

By Petteri Pietikainen

This can be the 1st book-length research of Modernist utopias of the brain. Pietikainen examines the psychodynamic writings of Otto Gross, C G Jung, Wilhelm Reich and Erich Fromm. when they broke from Freud and orthodox psychoanalysis, Pietikainen argues, utopianism turned more and more vital to the basic objectives of all 4 thinkers. He exhibits how Gross' "Matriarchal Communism", Jung's "Archetypal Cosmos", Reich's "Orgonomic Functionalism" and Fromm's "Socialist Humanism" have been makes an attempt to reshape social buildings and human family via conquering the subconscious. Pietikainen areas the 'utopian impulse' with the historic context of the big, violent socio-political narratives of the early 20th century. This cutting edge interdisciplinary ebook contributes to ongoing scholarly discussions in regards to the historicity as opposed to the universality of human nature.

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The Meaning of Authenticity The institutional marginality and need for intellectual independence which characterized the four authors discussed in this book may have strengthened their inclination to fuse moral and scientific explanatory categories. e. sexuality or spirituality) as also being intrinsically good. This inference is logically incorrect, because ‘is’ does not imply ‘ought’ – one cannot logically 26 Alchemists of Human Nature derive judgments of value from statements of facts, as philosophers David Hume and G.

12 The New Soviet Man 35 The Bolshevik Interest in the Conquest of the Unconscious A re-emergence of psychoanalysis in Russia in the early 1920s would have been impossible without the approval and active support of the Communist authorities. As historian Martin A. 13 While psychoanalysis was enjoying its short-lived golden age in the Soviet Union, an official Marxist approach to philosophy and psychology was being formulated, which meant that Soviet psychoanalysts started to direct their attention towards the kind of research required by the new society.

Trotsky, who at first supported the New Economic Policy, was thinking along lines that betrayed not only his utopian inclinations, but also his understanding of the crucial problem of how to force the minds of Russians to harmonize with Communist ideology. If people found it impossible to live in the new Com- The New Soviet Man 37 munist society, then why not change the way people thought and felt? Why not change human nature? This was easier said than done, for, as Trotsky very well knew, Marxism was of little use in a situation where the historical process had to be speeded up, as it were.

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