By D.F. Houlihan, D.R. Livingstone, R.F. Lee
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists retain music of the huge literature within the box. supplying finished, built-in reports and sound, severe, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a must for all lively researchers in environmental and comparative physiology.
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0 myofibrillar fraction • 5 4 3 2 II.. 0 0 6 2 5 • mitochondrial fraction 5 Fig. 14. Relationships between power output of the trout heart and the fractional rates of protein synthesis. The hearts were perfused with oxygenated saline and made to generate differing power outputs by pressure loading. (Data from Houlihan et a\. ) 4 3 2 0 0 2 3 4 5 Power output, mW. g-1 consumption, the oxygen-carrying capacity of the octopus blood is much less than that of trout blood (O'Dor and Shadwick 1989). However, the power outputs of the hearts at rest are similar, as is the oxygen consumption (comparison of Houlihan et al.
However, it also seems justifiable to use the possible costs based upon cycloheximide inhibition (12 mmol O 2 g-l protein synthesis) (Aoyagi et al. 1988). Using these two estimates 24-42% ofthe total oxygen consumption is expended on protein synthesis in growing cod (Houlihan et al. 1988b). In Carcinus the calculated rates of oxygen consumption which were due to whole animal rates of protein synthesis using the minimal cost and likely costs are found to vary between 19 and 37% ofthe measured oxygen consumption (Houlihan et al.
Gen Comp Endocrinol 44:418-427 Adelman IR (1987) Uptake of radioactive amino acids as indices of curren t growth ra te of fish: A review. In: Summerfelt RC, Hall GE (eds) Age and growth of fish. Iowa State Univ Press, Ames Aoyagi Y, Tasaki I, Okumura J-I, Muramatsu T (1988) Energy cost of whole-body protein synthesis measured in vivo in chicks. Comp Biochem PhysioI9IA:765-768 Ashford AJ, Pain VM (1986) Effects of diabetes on the rates of synthesis and degradation of ribosomes in rat muscle and liver in vivo.