By Vladimir P. Nedjalkov, Galina A. Otaina, Ekaterina Gruzdeva, Emma Š. Geniušienė
This quantity, initially released in Russian in 2012, is likely one of the few greater works on Nivkh (Gilyak), an underinvestigated endangered Paleosiberian language-isolate, that experience seemed in recent times. it's a descriptive grammar in accordance with broad language info and supplemented with the authors’ experiments and sophisticated research, aimed toward elucidating a few moot issues of the hugely particular Nivkh syntax, and with quantitave facts. It makes a speciality of syntactic and semantic forms of verbs and their aspectual and temporal features, a number of teams of verbal grammatical morphemes, using finite and non-finite verb kinds, and particularly on quite a few converbs, sentence varieties, observe order, two-predicate structures, relative clauses, direct and oblique speech, textual content constitution and team spirit. The typological services and insights of V.P. Nedjalkov and the local intuitions of G.A. Otaina mix so as to add worth to this quantity. The ebook could be of curiosity to experts in morphosyntax, typology, basic linguistics and indigenous languages.
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Extra info for A Syntax of the Nivkh Language: The Amur dialect
P‘e+ʁlaj refl+trap ‘one’s own trap’ In some positions, the vowel i changes into e, as in (26). In the dative/additive case this is a regular change. if ‘s/he’ → e-rχ [s/he-dat/abl] ‘to him/her’ (note the consonant drop). The vowel of the case marker may also drop out in nouns with a stem vowel: (28) a. 5 Unclear cases The cause of the following consonant changes in (29) and (30) is not quite clear: (29) a. If mәγ-d̦. If mәx-qazo (< *mәγ-ʁazo). ’ Here two voiced fricatives have undergone dissimilation, viz.
1 Grammatical markers. Word classes Nivkh is an agglutinating synthetic language. As a rule, words are easily divisible into root and grammatical morphemes. The latter are almost exclusively suffixes. There is only one prefix, and even this one is unproductive (the prefix u-/v- with the reciprocal meaning forms a closed set of no more than 30 reciprocal verbs). Extremely productive are particles (there are over 20 items) which can be attached, with certain exceptions, to various parts of speech (in this respect they are similar to the Russian particle by).
5 Exceptions A few transitives taking a direct object in the nominative case do not change their initial consonant: jiv- ‘have’, ‘be available’, p‘әi- ‘leave sth behind’ (the latter with the initial plosive). hur+t‘vaj- ‘spit smwh’ (39) a. If ŋas+k‘er-d̦. ’ (40) a. ’ chapter 11 The attribute + noun complex Alternation of initial consonants of nouns and verbs in attributive position The word in attributive position is not marked for case, the head word alone undergoing changes. 1 Pronouns and nouns used as attributes This usage is illustrated above; see Examples (6), (7) and (16).