By Andre Larochelle, Marie-Claude Lariviere
This quantity presents a precis of the common heritage of the floor beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae and over 2400 taxa) from North the United States north of Mexico. lower than each one taxon, the ecology, biology, dispersal strength, amassing thoughts and chosen references are given. The part on ecology contains the next: altitudinal distribution, habitat, diel job and gregariousness. The part facing biology offers information on seasonality, mating, gravid adult females or oviposition, tenerals, over-wintering, feeding, predation, parasitism and defence-mechanism. The part on dispersal strength, or the aptitude of dispersal, has been assessed whilst attainable utilizing 3 major standards: wing , flight facts (including light-trapping observations) and different locomotory conduct. The part on amassing suggestions presents the simplest technique of catch. The part references checklist the main suitable papers, with acceptable keyword phrases, and an exhaustive bibliography facing the common background of North American Carabidae is usually supplied. This paintings follows the "Catalogue of Bousquet and Larochelle" (1993), "Catalogue of the Geadephaga (Coleoptera: Trachypachydae, Rhysodidae, Carabidae together with Cicindelini of the USA north of Mexico) which supplied nomenclatural and distributional info on North American floor beetles
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Extra info for A Natural History of the Ground-Beetles (Coleoptere: Carabidae) of American North of Mexico (Pensoft Series Faunistica, 27)
Nocturnal; sheltering during the day under stones. Biology. Seasonality: May-September. Tenerals: August (ME, NH). Cannibalism observed in captivity. Predators: foxes. Defense-mechanism: when alarmed, the adult may emit a repugnant smell from the pygidial glands. Dispersal power. Wing-polymorphic: macropterous (mostly; probably capable of flight) to brachypterous (incapable of flight). Moderate runner. Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; turning stones. References. Lindroth, 1945, 1955a, 1963a, and 1968 (natural history); Schmoller, 1970 (biology); Forsskåhl, 1972 (biology); Lindroth, 1986 (natural history); Luff, 1993 (biology).
Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; raking the leaf litter. References. Lindroth, 1963a (as bicolor (Dejean)) and 1966 (natural history). Agonum (Europhilus) picicornoides Lindroth, 1966 Ecology. Lowlands, mountains, subalpine and alpine zones. Lake shores, beaver ponds, eutrophic marshes, and edges of slow brooks. , Salix, Alnus); wet, clayish or clayish-sandy soil covered with sparse vegetation. Nocturnal; sheltering during the day under dead leaves and stones. Biology. Seasonality: May- A natural history of Carabidae (Coleoptera) of America north of Mexico 33 September.
Moderate runner. Collecting techniques. Pitfall trapping; turning pieces of wood. References. Lindroth, 1968 and 1971a (natural history); Frank, 1971b (biology); Kirk, 1975c (ecology, dispersal power); Kavanaugh, 1992 (natural history). A natural history of Carabidae (Coleoptera) of America north of Mexico 49 Amara (Amara) emancipata Lindoth, 1968 Ecology. Lowlands and mountains. A dry hill covered with sparse pines and steppe vegetation. Biology. Seasonality: April-May. Dispersal power. Macropterous, probably capable of flight.